Application Preferences

You can manage application preferences by setting and getting them. You can also share stored preference data among applications in the same package.


To use the functions and data types of the Preference API (in mobile and wearable applications), include the <app_preference.h> header file in your application:

#include <app_preference.h>

Managing Application Preferences

To manage preferences:

  • To store and retrieve simple type variables:

    To store a variable, you must create a key-value pair. Use the following functions to create a key-value pair for a specific simple type:

    • preference_set_int()
    • preference_set_double()
    • preference_set_boolean()

    Before storing or retrieving a variable, check whether it exists using the preference_is_existing() function.

    Use the following functions to retrieve a stored variable of a given simple type:

    • preference_get_int()
    • preference_get_double()
    • preference_get_boolean()
    const char *integer_key = "integer_key";
    int integer_value = 1;
    int integer_output;
    preference_set_int(integer_key, integer_value);
    preference_is_existing(integer_key, &existing);
    preference_get_int(integer_key, &integer_output);
  • To store and retrieve string variables, use the following functions:

    • preference_set_string()
    • preference_get_string()

    Release the value returned by the get function using the free() function.

    const char *string_key = "string_key";
    const char *string_value = "Sample content";
    char *string_output;
    bool existing;
    preference_set_string(string_key, string_value);
    preference_is_existing(string_key, &existing);
    preference_get_string(string_key, &string_output);
  • To track variables:

    You can set a different callback function to each variable. The callback function is invoked each time the variable is changed.

    preference_set_changed_cb(integer_key, preference_changed_cb_impl, user_data);

    Pass custom parameters to the callback function in the user_data field.

    preference_changed_cb_impl(const char *key, void *user_data)
        int ret = 0;
        int integer_output = 0;
        dlog_print(DLOG_DEBUG, LOG_TAG, "[preference_changed_cb_impl]\n");
        preference_get_int(key, &integer_output);
        dlog_print(DLOG_DEBUG, LOG_TAG, "Key: %s has changed its value to %d \n",
                   key, integer_output);

    When no longer needed, unset the callback function based on a variable key:

    preference_unset_changed_cb(const char *key);
  • To list all records, use the foreach function. The function calls a specific callback function for each key-value pair in the database. You can pass additional data to the function in the user_data field.

    If the callback function returns false, or if all the records have been opened, the foreach function ends.

    preference_foreach_item_cb(const char *key, void *user_data)
        dlog_print(DLOG_DEBUG, LOG_TAG, "[preference_foreach_item_cb]\n");
        dlog_print(DLOG_DEBUG, LOG_TAG, "Key found: %s\n", key);
        return true;
    preference_foreach_item(preference_foreach_item_cb, NULL);
  • To delete records one by one, use a unique key. You can also delete all records for an application using the preference_remove_all() function.

  • Dependencies
    • Tizen 2.4 and Higher for Mobile
    • Tizen 2.3.1 and Higher for Wearable