Thumbnail Images

Tizen allows you to create a thumbnail from an input media file.

The main features of the Thumbnail Util API include:

  • Video and image thumbnails

    You can create thumbnails from video and image files. Thumbnail Util API does not support audio files.

  • Custom size

    You can create the thumbnail of any size.

The API provides the requested thumbnail as raw data or a file.

In case of raw data, if the requested media is a video, thumbnail is RGB colorspace. And if it is an image, thumbnail is BGRA colorspace.

In case of a file, thumbnails are encoded with a user-specified extension.


See thumbnail_util_extract_to_file() for details regarding extensions.


To enable your application to use the thumbnail util functionality:

  1. To use the functions and data types of the Thumbnail Util API (in mobile and wearable applications), include the <thumbnail_util.h> header file in your application:

    #include <thumbnail_util.h>
  2. Ensure that you have access to the file required to extract the thumbnail.

    This guide uses a JPEG image file, which is accessed through its file path. Include the <storage.h> header file as the example code uses internal storage. The example code is as follows:

    int internal_storage_id;
    char *internal_image_storage_path;
    char *image_file_name = "test_image.jpg";
    char *image_test_path;
    char *out_file_name = "result_image.jpg";
    char *out_test_path;
    static bool
    storage_cb(int storage_id, storage_type_e type, storage_state_e state,
               const char *path, void *user_data)
        if (type == STORAGE_TYPE_INTERNAL) {
            internal_storage_id = storage_id;
            return false;
        return true;
        int error;
        char *path = NULL;
        error = storage_foreach_device_supported(storage_cb, NULL);
        error = storage_get_directory(internal_storage_id, STORAGE_DIRECTORY_IMAGES, &path);
        if (error != STORAGE_ERROR_NONE) {
            internal_image_storage_path = strdup(path);
        int path_len = 0;
        path_len = strlen(internal_image_storage_path) + strlen(image_file_name) + 1;
        image_test_path = malloc(path_len);
        memset(image_test_path, 0x0, path_len);
        strncat(image_test_path, internal_image_storage_path, strlen(internal_image_storage_path));
        strncat(image_test_path, image_file_name, strlen(image_file_name));
        strncat(out_test_path, internal_image_storage_path, strlen(internal_image_storage_path));
        strncat(out_test_path, out_file_name, strlen(out_file_name));

The Thumbnail Util functions can use both common content in the device storage (internal or external) and private content in your application data.

Extract a Thumbnail

To extract a thumbnail from the file:

  1. To receive the results in a file, use the thumbnail_util_extract_to_file() function:

    ret = thumbnail_util_extract_to_file(image_test_path, 512, 288, out_test_path);

    You find a thumbnail file on out_test_path.

  2. To receive the results in a raw data, use the thumbnail_util_extract_to_buffer() function:

    unsigned char *out_buf;
    size_t out_buf_size;
    unsigned int out_width;
    unsigned int out_height;
    ret = thumbnail_util_extract_to_buffer(image_test_path, 512, 288, &out_buf, &out_buf_size, &out_width, &out_height);

    You get a BGRA color image.


Since Tizen 5.5, if the requested width and height of the thumbnail are bigger than the image, then the thumbnail size is changed to the image size.

  • Dependencies
    • Tizen 5.0 and Higher for Mobile
    • Tizen 5.0 and Higher for Wearable