The Eina library provides a number of tools to help you when coding applications:

  • Convert fast: Conversion from, for example, strings to integers and double
  • Counter: Measures the number of calls and their time
  • Error: Error identifiers
  • File: File list and path split
  • Lazy allocator: Manages item allocation
  • Log: Full-featured logging system
  • Magic: Provides runtime type checking
  • Memory Pool: Abstraction for various memory allocators
  • Module lists: Loads and shares modules using the Eina_Module standard
  • Rectangle: Rectangle structure and standard manipulation methods
  • Safety Checks: Extra checks that report unexpected conditions and can be disabled during compilation
  • String: Set of functions that manage C strings


When creating applications, you always need to manipulate strings. Use the following Eina functions for manipulating C strings:

  • To split a string into an array of strings based on a delimiter that determines where the string is split, use the eina_str_split() function.

    The split is the most common string manipulation method. For example, if you have the "Rasterman:Bluebugs:Tasn:Illogict:billiob:Puppet_Master" string, and you want to print it in an easily readable format, you can split it using the “:” character as a delimiter.

    In the eina_str_split() function, the first parameter is the string to split, the second is the delimiter, and the third is the maximum number of strings to split the string into. If you set the third parameter to be smaller than 1, the function splits the string as many times as possible.

    The function returns a newly-allocated NULL-terminated array of strings, or NULL, if it fails to allocate the array. When no longer needed, free the memory allocated by the eina_str_split() function.

    char *nicks = "Rasterman:Bluebugs:Tasn:Illogict:billiob:Puppet_Master";
    char **result_arr;
    int i;
    /* Split the string with the ':' delimiter */
    result_arr = eina_str_split(nicks, ":", 0);
    /* Print the result */
    for (i = 0; result_arr[i]; i++)
        printf("Nick: %s\n", result_arr[i]);
    /* Free the memory */
  • To change a string to lowercase or uppercase, use the eina_str_tolower() and eina_str_toupper() functions. They modify the original string by changing the case for all characters in the string.

    char *str;
    /* Initialize the string */
    str = malloc(sizeof(char) * 4);
    strcpy(str, "bsd");
    /* Change the string to uppercase */
    eina_str_toupper((char **)&str);
    printf("%s\n", str);
    /* Change the string to lowercase */
    printf("%s\n", str);
    /* Free the memory */
  • To join 2 strings of known length, use the eina_str_join() function. The first parameter is the buffer to store the result, the second is the size of the buffer, the third is the separator between the 2 strings, and the 2 final parameters are the stings to be joined.

    char *part1 = "Tizen powered by";
    char *part2 = "Enlightenment Foundation Libraries";
    char *res;
    size_t size;
    /* Calculate the string size + 1 for the delimiter */
    size = strlen(part1) + strlen(part2) + 1;
    /* Allocate memory for the result */
    res = malloc(sizeof(char) * size);
    /* Join the strings */
    eina_str_join(res, size, ' ', part1, part2);
    printf("%s\n", res);
    /* Free the memory */
  • To check whether a string starts or ends with another string, use the eina_str_has_prefix() or eina_str_has_suffix() function. You can also check whether a string has a particular extension with the eina_str_has_extension() function.

    These functions return EINA_TRUE if the string contains the specified prefix, suffix, or extension, and EINA_FALSE if it does not.

    char *names = "Carsten;Cedric;Tom;Chidambar;Boris;Philippe";
    if (eina_str_has_prefix(names, "Carsten"))
        printf("String starts with 'Carsten'");
    if (eina_str_has_suffix(names, "Philippe"))
        printf("String ends with 'Philippe'");
    if (eina_str_has_extension(names, "philippe"))
        printf("String has extension 'philippe'");
        printf("String does not have extension 'philippe'");

Memory Pool

The Eina_Mempool tool provides the memory pool functionality. With a memory pool, you can preallocate fixed-size memory spaces for easy memory management.

The following memory pools are available:

  • buddy
  • chained_pool
  • ememoa_fixed and ememoa_unknown
  • fixed_bitmap
  • pass_through
  • one_big

Safety Checks

Eina safety checks are a set of macros that can be used to check for parameters or values that must never occur. The concept is similar to the assert() function, but safety checks simply log the parameter or value and return, instead of aborting your program.

The following safety checks are available:

  • EINA_SAFETY_ON_NULL_GOTO(exp, label)
  • EINA_SAFETY_ON_TRUE_GOTO(exp, label)

The following examples show how to use the safety checks:

  • To return if a variable is NULL, use the EINA_SAFETY_ON_NULL_RETURN() function. This macro calls return if the given parameter is NULL.

    myfunction(char *param)
        /* If the parameter is NULL, EINA_SAFETY_ON_NULL_RETURN calls "return" */
        printf("My param is: %s\n", param);
        return EINA_TRUE;
  • To return a specific value, use the EINA_SAFETY_ON_NULL_RETURN_VAL() function instead of the EINA_SAFETY_ON_NULL_RETURN() function. This macro returns a given value if the given parameter is NULL.

    Eina_Bool void
    myfunction(char *param)
        /* If the parameter is NULL, return EINA_FALSE; */
        printf("My param is: %s\n", param);
        return EINA_TRUE;
  • To call another function if a parameter is NULL, use the EINA_SAFETY_ON_NULL_GOTO() function. This macro works similarly to the EINA_SAFETY_ON_NULL_RETURN() function, except that it calls goto with the given function instead of return.

    static void
        printf("The parameter is NULL\n");
    Eina_Bool void
    myfunction(char *param)
        /* If the parameter is NULL, call isnullcb() */
        EINA_SAFETY_ON_NULL_GOTO(param, isnullcb);
        printf("My param is: %s\n", param);
        return EINA_TRUE;

Eina also provides macros that check whether a given value is TRUE or FALSE. For example:

  • To call return if a given value is TRUE, use the EINA_SAFETY_ON_TRUE_RETURN() function.
  • To call goto in a given function if a given value is TRUE, use the EINA_SAFETY_ON_NULL_GOTO() function.

Except as noted, this content is licensed under LGPLv2.1+.

  • Dependencies
    • Tizen 2.4 and Higher for Mobile
    • Tizen 2.3.1 and Higher for Wearable